Theoretical Rationale Paper (Psychology)


Individual Assignment

Each team member will work independently to write a 4 page (double-spaced) theoretical rationale that explains the choices that you made in creating your lesson. We are studying different theoretical perspectives on learning (e.g., Piaget, Vygotsky, behaviorism, information processing, situated learning, observational learning), and I would like you to explain how your lesson is based in learning theory and research. For example, was your lesson primarily Vygotskian? If so, what specific aspects of your instruction/ objectives/ assessment were consistent with Vygotskian developmental or educational principles? Be very specific in your analysis. Show me how well you understand the theories and related concepts. Most lessons draw from a few different theories. Just be sure you can explain your choices. APA style parenthetical citations should be included as well as a full references list. OUTSIDE CLASS RESEARCH ON THE THEORIES IS NOT REQUIRED. YOU CAN PULL FROM THE TEXTBOOK AND CLASS NOTES. (BOOK; Woolfolk, A. E. (2016). Educational psychology (13th ed.). Boston: Pearson.)

Information needed for the paper:

Lesson tittle: ‘The use of Foam Rollers’

Target Audience: College Students

Materials: Foam Rollers, Kahoot Questionnaire, Post Presentation Diagram Quiz

Instruction Objectives:

1. When students are asked about foaming rolling and avoiding tight muscles, students will be able to express the different ways to roll out muscles (Cognitive: Knowledge)

2. After a workout or physical activity, students will be able to loosen their muscles through the different foam rolling strategies (Psychomotor)

3. When asked to demonstrate a rolling technique, students will be able to perform and explain the desired technique (Psychomotor)

Classroom Management:

· Students will work in pairs performing the rolling techniques

o One student will roll while one student holds cards that direct the other student on which technique they are going to do


· Social Cognitive Theory

o Demonstrating the techniques

§ Bandura argues that people acquire knowledge by observing others

· Vygotsky’s theory

o Placing Students in groups and allowing them to perform the different stretches

§ People learn by doing things and being active in their learning

§ Guided Learning

· Information Proccessing

o Homework/Take Home Quiz

o Students will active their long term memory through rehearsing the techniques

o Through encoding, which is performing the desired technique, they will move the short term memory to long term

· Operant Conditoning

o Positive Reinforment

§ Students will be asked questions about different stretches and give granola bars as a reward for their answer

NOTE: The exercises demonstrated are going to be for lower body only, specifically, HARMSTRING, CALF and QUADRICEP