Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus is a bacterium that affects citrus trees across the globe

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Original Post-Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus is a bacterium that affects citrus trees across the globe. It originated in Asia but spread to other regions quite rapidly in the 1990s (Lou et al., 2018). It has caused considerable issues in the citrus industry of the USA. The bacterium leads to the impaired growth of plants and the development of fruit that remain green. This disorder is often referred to as Citrus Greening. The taste of the fruit is also affected as they become bitter and sour. It is impossible to consume fresh fruits or make juice. There is no evidence that the bacterium has a negative impact on people’s health, but it can have a significant adverse effect on the US economy. The bacterium is spread by Diaphorina citri that is also called Asian citrus psyllid. Insects eat from infected trees and transmit bacteria to healthy plants. The media include various news concerning different ways to solve the problem and help the industry recover. Farmers and researchers have worked on various strategies to address the issue for years. For instance, Gomes (2017) reports that scientists have detected some molecules that attract Diaphorina citri. This discovery enabled researchers to develop a substance that attracts insects. Thus, farmers can spread the substance and locate the insects, which can help control their population. Another efficient method that has been developed recently is associated with early detection of infected plants. It has been found that the infection spreads very quickly so early detection is essential (Lou et al., 2018). Furthermore, the control over the population of Asian citrus psyllids has also proved to be an effective prevention strategy. Milosavljević, Amrich, Strode, and Hoddle (2018) note that a biological control program that involved Tamarixia radiata had positive results as to the spread of the citrus plant disease. The natural enemies of Diaphorina citri mainly attack nymphs, which prevents the further growth of the population of these insects. In conclusion, it is necessary to note that Candidatus liberibacter asiaticus is associated with serious issues in the citrus industry of the USA. Researchers and farmers are developing numerous methods and strategies to address the problem. The solutions address different aspects including the use of substances attracting insects that spread the bacteria or the use of natural enemies. The early detection of infected plants is also an effective tool. However, it is clear that a comprehensive program involving all these measures can help in solving this problem.

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